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cruelty-free art supplies

Cruelty-Free Art Supply Master List | Creativity Without Brutality

botanical line drawing brush lettering calligraphy cruelty-free watercolor Nov 11, 2020

The ability to channel ourselves into art and let ourselves relax, loosen up and create, is a magical experience. I'm a firm believer in the process of creation and how it links to our mental state. Art supplies are exciting for artists of all levels. We're diving in and exploring new materials, mediums, and learning how to utilize tools either for the first time or implement them into something we've been practicing for a lifetime.

For years, makers of all kinds have utilized animals for loads of items that have assisted humans. Traditionally, mediums such as paints, paper, ink, paintbrushes, and more have been created using ingredients from animals. I want to start by providing the information on the history of this practice, how it was useful at that time, and then move into how we've since evolved and can skip this process, as it's no longer a necessity.

I hope you allow this article to be educational, but do note that many things mentioned here are of my own opinions, of which I feel very strongly. a

speciesism (n.)

-the assumption of human superiority leading to the exploitation of animals


 

First, let's identify some of the animals that have been and/or continue to be used as sources for art and their role in the process, along with how a product's ingredient(s) is extracted from them.

Paintbrushes

The fur industry is alive and well. You may have noticed that a large number of big names in the fashion industry as pushing fur away in the realization that it's something of the past. I get it. It was hard to come to terms with as we advanced in technology. What was once needed to keep us warm before we had appropriate shelter and lived in caves slipped through the years and was carried into modern-day fashion. Lucky for us, the more people speak up and choose to go against this industry, the less profit there will be for the industry, and hopefully it will one it will be a thing of the past. That said, did you know that the bristles in paintbrushes are also a part of this nasty industry? Again, back in the day, it was probably a great resource. As mammals, our animalistic survival instincts probably didn't think twice. But as a reminder, we've advanced. We've come so far in our ability to manufacture that we're now able to very closely replicate the high-performing fur bristles with pure synthetic, professional grade paintbrushes. Until that's all we have available, here is a list of just some of the animals being used for brushes.

 

  • Kolinksy - Considered the highest luxurious quality, used in watercolor due to its ability to absorb a lot of water. There is argument today whether this animal is endangered and, at this point, extinct. There is frustration from artists who are seeking top quality brushes made from these animals. Many brushes are now being produced and dyed to feel and look like kolinsky sable, but are actually made from other, "lesser quality" fur.

    • Collection involves isolation to freezing climates in order for hair to grow to longer lengths and dense thickness. If possible, electrocution and gassing are used to prevent damage to the hair. However, because these animals are difficult to catch or keep in captivity (they become extremely aggressive and can emit a secretion that takes a long time to rid the smell), leghold traps are placed and the animals are typically frozen solid by the time they're collected.

  • Sable, Weasel, Mink, Ferret, Badger, Ermine, Squirrel, Rabbit - As previously mentioned, "kolinsky sable" hair is typically created from ferrets, weasels, and minks. The argument continues that some of these animals may also be considered endangered. Paintbrushes made from the fur of these animals are practically interchangeable when it comes to the ability to hold a lot of water and reach a precise, fine tip. Uses vary from watercolor to oil painting.

    • Collection involves placing leg traps due to many aggressions of these animals when kept in captivity.

    • Additionally, fur farms keep animals like rabbits and squirrels in captivity and the farms mass breed them until they're ready for execution.

  • Hog - Used for oil and acrylic painting. It has split ends which gives bristles the ability to hold more paint and maintain the edge of the brush.

    • Collection is often provided as a by-product of the meat industry in China after slaughter.

    • Alternatively, pigs will be held down and live-plucked without painkillers. The price of plucked hairs is double that of shaved hairs.

  • Mongoose - Only hold a small amount of hair, so a larger quantity is needed for the production of brushes.

    • Collection includes being leg-trapped, beaten, or electrocuted or gassed to prevent the hair from being damaged.

  • Pony - Coarse, kinky hair often used in schools in cheap, brightly-colored plastic handles.

    • Collection is typically provided as a by-product of the meat industry in China after being slaughtered.

  • Ox - This hair is often dyed with a reddish tint to resemble red sable. It has a similar texture to sable, but without the fine tip, making it better used as a flat brush -vs- a round brush.

    • Collection involves live-plucking of oxen's ears, which does not involve painkillers. from a mixture of low-grade hair from squirrels, goats, ponies, oxen, etc. They're not favored by many due to their lack of quality. 

  • Boar - Often used for oil painting due to its coarseness.

    • Bristles from boar "should come from the first shearing," so in this case, they are also live-plucked and shaved. When shaved, skin is not taken into account, and often comes off with the hair.

  • Camel - Camel brushes are not actually made of camel hair. It refers to brushes that are made out of a mixture of different animal hairs. It is not a highly desired brush due to its low-grade quality.

  • Goat - Commonly used as flat hair brushes for watercolor and ink.

    • Collected via factory farming.

  • Horse - One of the most commonly used hairs for Japanese calligraphy brushes, often paired with a sheep hair wrap to hold shape.

    • Collection is typically provided as a by-product of the meat industry in China after being slaughtered.

  • Wolf - Used as filler with goat hair for providing a good hold/springiness. 

    • Collection is from factory fur farms after being slaughtered. The rest of the animal is probably being worn.

  • Deer - Used for Japanese paintbrushes.

  • Monkey, Cat - Often used for oil painting in Asia as an inexpensive alternative to sable.

  • Sheep - Often used for creating long strokes and washes.

    • Collection includes mulesing and is tied to factory farming in China with no animal regulations.

  • "Synthetic"- A lot of synthetic brushes actually have animal hair mixed in with synthetic fibers! If you go with synthetic, be SURE that it's 100% pure synthetic material.

Kolinsky Sable
Art by Peggy Dean


Not only do 100% pure synthetic brushes save our furry friends, they have the ability to nearly outperform them. When we have full control over the creation process, we can ensure an even distribution of paint, water and texture, since the quality is consistent throughout every thoughtfully place bristle. They're offered at a more accessible price point as well. It makes sense, you know, cuz trapping, slaughtering, trading, THEN manufacturing wasn't the process of production. Just sayin. The best news is that we carry some fabulous cruelty-free, 100% synthetic brushes which have taken the art community by storm and are now a favorite amongst artists of all types. Not to mention, a portion of each sale goes toward wildlife rehabilitation. Grab some!

 

 

Pigments

Moving away from fur, pigments contain all sorts of animal parts. One of the trickiest listed ingredients is glycerine, as it can be derived from plants, animals, and even humans. So when we see glycerin as an added ingredient, it's hard to truly know the source. That said, here are some of the animals found in our paints, inks, and dyes. 

  • Ox - Used for watercolors, lithography, paper marbling, engraving and more. Ox gall is marketed to give a watercolorist the utmost control while painting.

    • Collection of ox gall (bile) is taken post-slaughter and then mixed with alcohol.

  • Cochineal - Used for their bright red blood in dye (along with food and cosmetics).

    • Collection includes grinding into a pulp.

  • Cow - Used for pigments in paints and inks.

    • Collection occurs after slaughter in which bones are heated in a sealed vessel.

  • Squid - Used for ink.

    • Collection includes dissecting the body to obtain ink sacs, then cutting them to drain the sac.

  • Lac - Used for bold color and shine in inks and dyes.

    • Collection involves scraping tree bark and lac bugs and placing them in tubes to be heated over fire. This liquifies the shellac and cochineal and leaves the bark and carcasses behind.

 

Wanna grab some professional grade pigments that don't put animals through this torture? Here are some of my favorites:

Paints


Inks


Brush Pens


Drawing Pens

In addition to the cruelty-free factor of our drawing pens, they're also catered to the professional artist with a quality grade to support all types of illustrators. Rather than the traditional felt tips, our tips are slightly curved to better support angles without damaging the tips as easily. There are also convenient cap windows to see through to tips. It's the little things, right? Grab some!

 

Paper

Trees make up the majority of resources for the production of paper. However, there are additives such as chemicals and even animal products used for paper as well. These additives assist in satisfying specific needs. In art paper, hide glue is common.

  • Rabbit - Used as sizing (a substance added to watercolor paper in the manufacturing process that reduces paper absorbancy).

    • Collection includes skinning rabbits and boiling the skin in hot water.

  • Pig, Cow, Sheep, Horse - Used as sizing.

    • Process includes boiling parts of these animals such as their skin, hooves, cartilage, horns and other tissues. 

 

Here are some of my absolute favorite papers that are also animal-friendly:

Watercolor Paper

 

Lettering Paper

 

Mix Media

 


We're always collecting more information and reviewing cruelty-free products. If you would like to provide input or have us test your product, feel welcome to email us!